K.D. Hyde, Australian Systematic Botany 3: 712. 1990.
Sordariomycetes, Subclass Hypocreomycetidae
Tunicatispora K.D. Hyde, Australian Systematic Botany 3: 712 (1990)
Type and marine species:
Tunicatispora australiensis K.D. Hyde, Australian Systematic Botany 3: 712. 1990.
Ascomata: 240–360 µm high, 220–320 µm diam, globose to subglobose, hyaline below, hyaline to light brown on exposed upper surface, membranous, immersed or semi–immersed, solitary or gregarious, ostiolate, papillate. Peridium: up to 50 µm thick, composed of several layers of cells, pigmented, rounded and thick–walled towards the outside, elongate and thinner–walled towards the venter. Necks: 180–220 x 45–64 µm, light brown, periphysate. Asci: 70–102 x 22–26 µm, thin–walled, unitunicate, 8–spored, ovoid to clavate, deliquescing early, pedicellate. Catenophyses: present. Ascospores: 18–25 x 10–14 µm, hyaline, ellipsoidal, thick–walled, 1–septate, appendaged. Appendages: a thin skin–like sheath which surrounds the ascospore with openings at each pole; and a viscous pad arising from these openings at each spore pole. The pad is attached to the spore pole by a single thread but the pad was seldom seen to unravel.
Description based on Hyde 1990
Hyde KD (1990). Intertidal fungi from warm temperate mangroves of Australia, including Tunicatispora australiensis, gen. et sp. nov. Australian Systematic Botany. 3: 711–718.
Jones EBG, Sakayaroj J, Sueterong S, Somrithipol A, Pang KL (2009) Classification of marine Ascomycota, anamorphic taxa and Basidiomycota. Fungal Divers 35: 1–18.
Jones EBG, Suetrong S, Sakayaroj J, Bahkali AH, Abdel–Wahab MA, Boekhout T, Pang KL (2015) Classification of marine Ascomycota, Basidiomycota, Blastocladiomycota and Chytridiomycota. Fungal Diversity 73: 1–72.
McKeown TA, Moss ST, Jones EBG (1996). Ultrastructure of ascospores of Tunicatispora australiensis. Mycol Res 100: 1247–1255.
Pang KL, Vrijmoed LLP, Kong RYC, Jones EBG (2003). Polyphyly of Halosarpheia (Halosphaeriales, Ascomycota): implications on the use of unfurling ascospore appendages as a systematic character. Nova Hedwigia 77: 1–18.
Petersen KRL, Koch J (1997). Buxetroldia bisaccata gen. et sp. nov., a marine lignicolous halosphaeriacean fungus from coastal waters, Denmark. Mycological Research. 101(12): 1524–1528.