(Kohlm.) Sakayaroj, K.L. Pang & E.B.G. Jones. 2010. Fungal Diversity., 46: 87-109.


Sordariomycetes, Subclass Hypocreomycetidae






Kochiella Sakayaroj, K.L. Pang & E.B.G. Jones, Fungal Diversity 46: 96

Type species:

Kochiella crispa (Kohlm.) Sakayaroj, K.L. Pang & E.B.G. Jones. 2010. Fungal Diversity., 46: 87-109.

Remispora crispa Kohlm., Can. J. Bot., 59: 1317 (1981).

Index Fungorum number:                           Faceoffungi number:

Sexual morph: saprobic, ascomata: 200-350 µm in diam., subglobose to ellipsoidal, superficial or immersed, ostiolate, papillate, coriaceous, thin-walled, subhyaline, cream-coloured to grey, darker around the base of the neck, solitary. Peridium: 12-20 µm thick, composed of 4 to 5 layers of flat, thin-walled cells, merging into the pseudoparenchyma of the center; mature spores are visible through the peridium. Necks: 70-220 µm long, 44-50 µm in dium., cylindrical; ostiolar canal with delicate periphyses. Paraphyses: absent; center of immature ascomata filled with a hyaline, thin-walled deliquescing pseudoparenchyma. Asci: 55-90 x 26-28 µm, 8-spored, ellipsoidal to clavate, short stipitate, unitunicate, thin-walled, dissolving at spore maturity. Ascospores: 22-34 x 8-11(-12) µm, ellipsoidal, 1-septate, slightly or not constricted at the septum, hyaline, at first at both apices with a wide cap that extends along one side to the middle of each cell. Appendages: initially sub-gelatinous, upon release into the water becoming detached from the side of the spore, but remaining attached with their bases to the spore apices; the lower part of the appendages swells and parallel fibers become apparent that emerge in a fountain-like fashion from the thickened tip of the spore wall; fibers are straight near the point of attachment, but become wavy above; the whole appendage is transformed into fibers, except for the part that was initially attached to the side of the spore; this portion which now becomes the triangular, spoon-shaped tip of the appendage remains smooth and uniform; developed appendages are at first yoke-like, later scoop-shaped when they become detached from the lateral spore wall and invert (Description: Based on Kohlmeyer (1980) and Sakayaroj et al. (2010)).


Key references:

Borse BD, Borse KN (2001) New reports of marine Ascomycetes from Orissa, India. Geobios 28: 62-64.

Johnson RG, Jones EBG, Moss ST (1984) Taxonomic studies of the Halosphaeriaceae: Remispora Linder, Marinospora Cavaliere and Carbosphaerella Schmidt. Botanica Marina 27: 557 566.

Jones EBG, Suetrong S, Sakayaroj J, Bahkali AH, Abdel-Wahab MA, Boekhout T, Pang KL (2015) Classification of marine Ascomycota, Basidiomycota, Blastocladiomycota and Chytridiomycota. Fungal Diversity 73: 1-72.

Maharachchikumbura SSN, Hyde KD, Jones EBG, Mckenzie EHC, Huang SK, Abdel-Wahab MA et al. (2015) Towards a natural classification and backbone tree for Sordariomcyetes. Fungal Diversity 72: 199-299.

Sakayaroj, J.; Pang, K.-L.; Jones, E.B.G. (2011) Multi-gene phylogeny of the Halosphaeriales: its ordinal status, relationships between genera and character evolution. Fungal Diversity. 46:87-109


Type & Location:
Other Specimens:
on submerged and intertidal wood
Denmark, Hawaii, India, Japan, Liberia, Martinique, Taiwan.
Pertinent Literature:
NOTES: Kochiella crispa did not group with Remispora species sensu stricto but was placed in a clade with high support with Ocostaspora apilongissima. However, these two fungi are no conspecific. Johnson et al. (1984) undertook a detailed ultrastructural study of the ascospore appendages for species. Kochiella crispa spore appendage structure differed from that of the type species R. maritima. The genus is accepted by Jones et al. (2015) and Maharachchikumbura et al. (2015). This species is not widely collect but reported frequently from Denmark and India (Johnson et al. 1984, Borse & Borse 2001).


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