K.D. Hyde & E.B.G. Jones, Trans. Mycol. Soc. Japan 30(1): 62 (1989)
Sordariomycetes, Subclass Sordariomycetidae
Hypophloeda K.D. Hyde & E.B.G. Jones, Trans. Mycol. Soc. Japan 30(1): 61 (1989)
Type species: Hypophloeda rhizospora K.D. Hyde & E.B.G. Jones, Trans. Mycol. Soc. Japan 30(1): 62 (1989)
Index Fungorum Number: 25308 Faces of fungi Number: NA
Sexual morph: saprobic, immersed beneath bark or superficial in fissures, hyaline becoming yellowish or light brown with age, ostiolate with long necks, coriaceous, solitary or gregarious, ellipsoidal to subglobose to pyriform. Ascomata 308-316µm high x 352-660 µm in diam., ellipsoidal to subglobose to pyriform. Necks tapering towards the apex, light coloured, periphysate. Peridium of two types of cells. Necks 352-792 µm long x 142-184 µm in diameter, protruding through bark, often in valsoid rings, base thick, tapering towards the apex, yellow to light brown. Peridium 28-85µm thick composed of an outer stratum of small rounded thick-walled cells with narrow lumina, and an inner stratum of elongated angular, thinner-walled cells, breaking up towards the centre, both layers hyaline, although the extreme outer cells may be light to dark brown in older specimens. Paraphyses numerous, septate, broad, with a base of large thin walled oval cells, cells becoming narrower towards the apex, cells 31 – 74 x 5.6 – 23 µm, paraphyses longer than asci, deliquescing in older specimens. Asci 8-spored, clavate, 45 – 99 x 13 – 25 µm, persistent, unitunicate, thin–walled with a refractive apical thickening and with a tapering stalk. Ascospores 21.3 – 36 x 3.5 – 6 µm, cylindrical, straight or slightly curved, hyaline, 0-2 to 3 septate, not constricted at the septa, thin–walled, without appendages. Asexual morph: Undetermined.
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Hyde KD, Jones EBG (1989) Hypophloeda rhizospora Hyde & Jones, gen. et sp. nov., a new ascomycete from intertidal prop roots of Rhizophora spp. Trans Mycol Soc Jpn 30:61–68.
Maharachchikumbura SSN, Hyde KD, Jones EBG, McKenzie EHC, Huang SK, Abdel-Wahab. A, et al. (2015) Towards a natural classification and backbone tree for Sordariomycetes. Fungal Diversity 72: 199–301.
Maharachchikumbura SSN, Hyde KD, Jones EBJ, McKenzie EHC, Bhat J, Hawksworth DL et al. (2016) Families of Sordariomycetes. Fungal Diversity 79: 1–317.
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