(Kohlm.) E.B.G. Jones & K.L. Pang Mycol. Progr. 9(4): 550 (2010)


Sordariomycetes, Subclass Lulworthiomycetidae





Synonymy: ≡ Cirrenalia tropicalis Kohlm., Mycologia 60(2): 267 (1968)

Matsusporium E.B.G. Jones & K.L. Pang Mycol. Progr. 9(4): 550 (2010)

Type species:

Matsusporium tropicale (Kohlm.) E.B.G. Jones & K.L. Pang Mycol. Progr. 9(4): 550 (2010)

≡ Cirrenalia tropicalis Kohlm., Mycologia 60(2): 267 (1968)

Asexual morph: saprobic, hyphae 2.5-5 µm in diameter, septate, superficial or immersed, light-brown. Conidiophores 25-42 µm long, 2.5-5 µm in diameter, cylindrical, zero- to four-septate, simple, acrogenous or laterally on hyphae, often remaining connected with detached conidia, sometimes obsolete, straight or curved, light brown. Conidiogenous cells monoblastic, integrated, terminal, determinate. Conidia acrogenous, solitary, regularly or irregularly helicoid, mostly 1 to 1.5 times contorted, rarely semi contorted, six- to twelve-septate, not or slightly constricted at the septa, umber to reddish-brown; cells increasing in diameter from base to apex, distinctly dissimilar; spirals 20-38.5 µm in diameter; terminal cell 9-15 µm high, 10-20 µm in diameter, subglobose to ellipsoidal, basally flattened; basal cells 5.5-10 µm high, 3-5 µm in diameter, cylindrical; central cells subglobose, obtusely conical or doliiform. Sexual morph: Undetermined (Description based on Kohlmeyer and Kohlmeyer (1979)).


Key references:

Abdel-Wahab MA, Pang KL, Nagahama T, Abdel-Aziz F, Jones EBG (2010) Phylogenetic evaluation of anamorphic species of Cirrenalia and Cumulospora with the description of eight new genera and four new species. Mycological Progress 9:537–558.

Jones EBG, Suetrong S, Sakayaroj J, Bahkali AH, Abdel-Wahab MA, Boekhout T, Pang KL (2015) Classification of marine Ascomycota, Basidiomycota, Blastocladiomycota and Chytridiomycota. Fungal Diversity 73: 1-72.

Kohlmeyer J, Kohlmeyer E (1979) Marine Mycology: The higher fungi. Academic Press.

Maharachchikumbura SSN, Hyde KD, Jones EBG, Mckenzie EHC, Huang SK, Abdel-Wahab MA et al. (2015) Towards a natural classification and backbone tree for Sordariomycetes. Fungal Diversity 72: 199-299.

Type & Location:
Other Specimens:
decayed submerged and intertidal wood, especially on mangrove wood.
Brazil, Brunei, India, Japan, Liberia, Malaysia, Seychelles, Mauritius, Mexico, Philippines, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Sumatra, Thailand.
Pertinent Literature:
NOTES: Matsusporium tropicale is a widely distributed species in tropical and subtropical mangroves. The fungus differs from other marine species that produce helicoids conidia by the repeated coiled nature of the conidia that are dark brown in colour, surrounded by a sheath when young and by producing 12-septate conidia with long stalk (Abdel-Wahab et al. 2010). Sequence data placed Cirrenalia tropicalis in the Lulworthiaceae (Abdel-Wahab et al. 2010) with the introduction of a new genus Matsusporium to accommodate it as it did not belong in the Cirrenalia clade. The genus is accepted as a member of the Luloworthiaceae (Luloworthiales) in the subclass Lulworthiomycetidae by Jones et al. (2015) and Maharachchikumbura et al. (2015).


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